Corporate social Responsibility – CSR, according to the experts of the world bank, is understood that “the engagement of enterprises to contribute to the sustainable economic development through complying with the norms of environmental protection, sexual equality, labor safety, labor right, fair pay, staff training and development, community development in such the way it is beneficial to enterprises as well as to the general development of society”.
The enterprises can implement their social responsibility by getting an international certificate or applying (the code of conduct-COC). The corporate social responsibility is the obligation which an enterprise must implement to society.
Being responsible to the society is to increase the most positive functions and decrease the negative consequence to the society to the least.
The aspects of corporate social responsibility
Many leaders of enterprises think that corporate social responsibility is to participate in aid programs to help social subjects such as supporting handicaps, orphan children, building houses, helping inhabitants at the flooded region or in disasters. That is right but not sufficient even though these social activities are the important part in the responsibilities of enterprises. It is more important that the enterprises must predict and measure the social and environmental effects of enterprises and apply the policies which lesson negative effects. Corporate social responsibility is also the engagement of enterprises to contribute to the sustainable economic development, to cooperate with laborers, their families, communities and society in general to improve their living quality in such the way it is good for the enterprises and useful for development. If an enterprise produces cars, it must calculate the fuels and energy which these cars will consume and find the way to improve it and if an enterprise produces papers, it must consider the output wastes and find the way of treatment. Therefore, presently an enterprise has social responsibility concerning to every aspect of its operation. Social responsibility consists of four aspects: economics, legality, conduct and humanity.
The economic aspect in corporate social responsibility is to produce goods and services which are needed and wanted by the social at the reasonable prices which can maintain that enterprise and satisfy the obligations of the enterprise to its investors, it seeks the source of labor supply, to discover new natural resources, to promote technological progress, product development, it is to distribute the production source such as goods and services in social system reasonably. In the course of implementation of these activities, enterprises really contribute to the increase of social benefit, ensure the existence and development of enterprises.
The economic aspect of CSR is to create jobs with good salary, equal opportunity of getting jobs for laborers, opportunity of improving careen and professional skills, good salary, labor safety environment, +sanitation and assurance of privacy right at working place.
The economic aspect of CRS is to supply goods and services to consumers complying with quality standards, safety of products, value assessment, information on products (advertisement), distribution, sales and competition.
The economic aspect of CRS is the basis for the operation of enterprises. Most of economic obligations in trading are legalized into legal obligations.
The legal aspect
The legal aspect of CRS is that the enterprises must fully execute all legal stipulations to the parties concerned. These legal stipulation will balance the competition, protect customers, and environment, urge the fairness and safety, providing new ideas against wrong doing. The legal obligations have been showed in civil law and criminal law. Basically, the legal obligations consist of five aspects:
(1) Competition balance
(2) Consumers protection
(3) Environment protection
(4) Safety and quality
(5) Encouragement of finding and preventing wrong behaviors.
Through legal responsibility, the society obliges members to have acceptable behaviors. The organizations cannot exist for a long time if they do not execute their legal responsibility.
The conduct aspect
The conduct aspect of CRS is the behaviors and activities which are expected from enterprises but not stipulated in law, not constituted into law.
This aspect relates to any things which are considered by enterprises as the right things and equality, it overcomes strict legal requirements, it consists of behaviors and activities of enterprises and members of organizations expected by communities and society even though they are not written as a law.
The legal aspect of CRS is usually showed through principles, conduct value which are respected and presented in the company mission and strategy notice. Through this notice, the principles and conduct value become the guidance for the combination of acts of company members and parties concerned.